Brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) provide an avenue to translate activity of the central nervous system into actions, independent of the natural output pathways, thus helping to improve, restore or enhance physiological functions. Basic research has progressed for more than two decades, and this technology is now being evaluated outside laboratory settings. Use of BCI technology to improve motor functions, e.g. in neuromotor rehabilitation, should encompass the physiological principles of evidence based medicine, and account for the therapeutic practice conventionally carried on in the hospital ward.
Extensive research on EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfaces produced sufficient knowledge to bring this technology out of the research laboratory. Solutions including BCIs must be driven from a user-centered design. Several application are envisaged: substitution and restoration of motor functions are ripe for the end-user.
Febo Cincotti (MSc in Electronics Engineering, PhD in Biophysics) is Assistant Professor of Bioengineering at the Antonio Ruberti Department of Computer, Control, and Management Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
His research interests include: Neuroelectrical (EEG) signal analysis, with focus on estimation of cortical sources, also in combination with other imaging techniques (MEG, fMRI); real time processing of electrophysiological data, for use in monitoring and neurofeedback systems; application of novel biomedical instrumentation based on the above methods in the field of neuromotor rehabilitation; development and clinical assessment (effectiveness, usability, neuropsychological functions) of assistive technologies based on Brain-Computer Interfaces.
He was Principal investigator 3 EU-funded FP7-ICT STREP research projects. He was co-PI (with a medical PI) in four interdisciplinary projects (1 FP4 FET STREP, 1 FP7 Integrated Project, 1 FP7-ICT STREP, 1 Coordination and Support Action). He vas coordinator or PI or Co-PI in National project, funded by the Ministry of Health or private foundations.